Hearing Loss as a Complication of Pre-eclampsia?
Background: Pre-eclampsia is a systemic disorder, related to pregnancy, it is
associated with increased blood pressure and proteinuria. Occurring after 20
weeks gestation, many complications occur due to preeclampsia for that many
researchers try to study these complications to detect it early or prevent it.
Objective: To detect if pre-eclampsia causing any complications on hearing
Methods: A prospective case-control study, carried out in Al-Yarmouk teaching
hospital, department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baghdad, Iraq from February
2012 to February 2013. It included 30 women with pre-eclampsia and 30 normal
healthy pregnant women as controls. Each patient submitted to otoscopic
examinations pure tone audiometry and autoscopy during their last three months
of pregnancy. We compared the result of auditory examination in both groups.
Results: The statistic showed there was clear difference in both systolic and
diastolic blood pressure p value less than 0.001 since group a include patients
with pre eclampsia. The mean of frequency in left ear in group A was 24.1±3.9 if
compared with 18.1±2 the mean of frequency in left ear in group B which is
statistically significant while the mean of frequency in right ear was 22.4±3.5 and
19.4±1.8 in group A, B, respectively.
Conclusion: preeclampsia may cause hearing loss in patients as a complication.
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