Factors Affecting School Performance in Primary School Children in Baghdad, 2019 Hind Saleem Nasser Bahiya* DIPLOMA, Raghad Khalid Ali Al-Hijazi* DIPLOMA
Background: Children education has a basic role in integrating the individual to society. Around 15-20% of children at the beginning of schooling have difficulties in learning, and these estimates can reach 30 to 50% if the first six years of schooling. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of weak school performance and to identify the factors that may associated with this problem in a sample of children in primary school in Baghdad. Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted in two primary health care centers in Baghdad during a period of six months from Oct, 2018 - Mar, 2019 and included all male and female children who were in the primary school and attended the selected PHCCs for any complaint. Any child who was physically or mentally handicapped was excluded from this study. A questionnaire which was predesigned and pretested was used to collect various information. We classified the school performance of children as weak, accepted, good and excellent grades. The total number of children enrolled in this study was 324. Results: The prevalence of weak school performance was 14.8%. Factors associated with weak school performance were: low family income, low level of parents’ education, using electronic devices before sleep, and absence of mothers. It was obvious that children with weak and accepted school performance showed significant lower mean hours of child daily study and daily nighttime child sleep (1.23 and 1.79 versus 2.74 hrs., P= 0.001; and 6.83 and 6.85 versus 7.47 hrs., P= 0.007 respectively) and higher mean of hours of daily using of electronic devices (5.02 and 3.9 versus 3.1 hrs., P= 0.001). Conclusion: Prevalence of weak and accepted school performance is relatively high and the modifiable risk factors associated were including low monthly income, lower parents’ education, decreased duration of study and nighttime sleep, increased duration of using electronic devices especially before sleep.
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