Mediastinal Hemangioma in a One Year Old Infant
Benign vascular tumours are rarely encountered in the mediastinum, but most common of these tumours are mediastinal hemangiomas which account for approximately 0.5% of all mediastinal tumours.
In the thoracic department of Medical City Teaching Complex in Baghdad, in April 2009, a one-year-old baby presented with shortness of breath with chest radiograph reveals an opacity occupying the entire left hemi thorax. Exudative hemorrhagic pleural fluid was aspirated and then left thoracostomy tube was inserted to evacuate pleural cavity, but subsequent chest x-rays were unchanged and CT scan of the chest reported a presence of huge left sided multiloculated pleural effusion. Left Â thoracotomy had been done and a huge mediastinal hemangioma was found compressing the left lung downward posteriorly and adhere to the pericardium, ascending aorta, the arch of aorta and left hilum, extending to the right hemi thorax. Removal of the whole mass was done successfully and the histological examination was consistent with cavernous hemangioma.
Keywords: Hemangioma, Mediastinal hemangioma, Mediastinal mass.Iraqi Medical Journal Vol. 63, No. 1, January 2017; p.105-108.
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