Acute Myocardial Infarction in Baghdad: Admission Rate and Risk Factors Samir Ali Khudhur* MBChB-DM, Ali Abdul-Kadhim Alsultany* CABM, FRCP

Keywords: Acute myocardial infarction, smoking, ECG, Echocardiograph, CCU.


Background: The incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) among young population in Iraq has increased in last decades causing great burden on national health system.
Objectives: To estimate the admission rate of young age acute myocardial infarction (45 years and less) among AMI patients admitted to coronary care unit in Iraq and to identify the common risk factors related to young age acute myocardial infarction.

Methods: This study was a hospital based, inpatient study conducted in coronary care unit (CCU) of Ibn Al-Nafees Hospital in Baghdad between 1st of July, 2017 to the 31st of December, 2017 on sample of 100 patients with acute myocardial infarction. The acute myocardial infarction was defined according to the criteria of American college of cardiology foundation and American heart association.

Results: Admission rate of AMI among patients admitted to CCU with acute myocardial infarction was 39%. The significant risk factors related to acute myocardial infarction in young patients were male gender, singles, smoking and family history of coronary artery disease. Conclusions: The occurrence of acute myocardial infarction among young adults was high and smoking was the most prominent risk factor.