Clinical Presentation of Mitral Stenosis A Single Center Study Samir Ali Khudhur* DM, Ali Abdul-Kadhim Alsultany* CABM, FRCP

  • imj Iraq Medical Journal
Keywords: Clinical presentations, Shortness of breath, Mitral stenosis, Echocardiography.


Background: Mitral stenosis is a valvular heart disease that is common in developing countries including Iraq.

Objectives: To evaluate the main presenting symptoms of mitral stenosis patients attending outpatient clinic of Ibn Al-Nafees hospital.

Methods: This study was retrospective cross sectional study conducted in outpatient clinic of Ibn Al-Nafees Hospital in Baghdad between 1st of March, 2014 to the 30th of June, 2016 on sample of 64 patients with mitral stenosis. The mitral stenosis was diagnosed by physicians specialist in internal medicine with help of ultrasonography and echocardiography.

Results: Mean ± SD age of mitral stenosis patients was 37.9 year with predominance of female gender (71.1%). The clinical presentation of mitral stenosis patients was asymptomatic in 6 (9.4%) patients or symptomatic with shortness of breath (65.6%), palpitations (54.7%), fatigability (46.9%), orthopenia (40.6%), chest pain (20.3%) and hemoptysis (15.6%).

Conclusions: Shortness of breath was the common clinical presentation of mitral stenosis with gender variation.


Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 > >>