Quality of Life among Coronary H Quality of Life among Coronary Heart Disease Patients in Baghdad, Iraq Shawq Khalis Al-Ashab* MBChB, Jamal M Alkhudhairi** PhD, Saif Sami Al-Mudhaffar*** FIBMS
Background: Coronary heart diseases exert a significant economic burden upon societies. However, apart from their clinical and economic implications they also have a significant impact on the quality of life of those suffering from this condition.
Objectives: Assess the quality of life among patients having coronary artery disease in Baghdad cardiac centers, and to study the association of selected socio-demographic and other variables, with the coronary patients’ quality of life. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study, with an analytic element covering all the cardiac centres in Baghdad. Data collection was carried out from Mid-March to end of July 2016 by direct interview with 300 patients using Quality of Life Questionnaire (WHOQOL)BREF Arabic version.
Results: Only 6% of patients in the sample had good quality of life, while 94% had poor or adequate quality of life. Poor quality of life was significantly more among females than males. Significant association between quality of life and occupation was evident. The study also revealed high positive significant association between quality of life and education on one hand, and with residency on the other hand, where urban patients showed better quality of life. The association between quality of life and family income was significantly high. High significant difference between males and females was evident only in psychological and environmental domains. The quality of life showed high positive significant association with interventional and surgical treatment. Hence, patients who underwent interventional or surgical treatment had better quality of life.
Conclusion: coronary artery disease patients having good quality of life were very low (6%). Poor quality of life was more frequent among female coronary artery disease patient. Retired, wealthy, educated patients, , and those with urban residency showed better quality of life. Quality of life scores tend to be higher among revascularized. (Stent/balloon or CABG) improves quality of life for coronary artery disease patients, compared with medical treatment alone
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