Frequency of Metabolic Syndrome in a Sample of Adult Diabetic in Al-Tarmiyah District
Background: Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of risk factors which is responsible for excess of cardiovascular disease morbidity among overweight and obese patient and those persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus. According to the new International Diabetes Federation, for a person to be defined as having the metabolic syndrome they must have central obesity plus any two of the following four factors: raised triglycerides level, reduced HDL cholesterol, raised blood pressure and raised fasting plasma glucose or previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes.
Objective: To identify the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in type 2 diabetic patient in Al-Tarmiyah district and the frequency of risk factors among them that might develop cardiovascular diseases.
Methods: A cross sectional study on one hundred patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus was conducted from 25th December 2013 to 25th May 2014 in Al-Tarmiyah PHCC in Al-Tarmiyah district, Baghdad, Iraq. They were 33 males and 67 females. Measurements of height, weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose and lipid profile were carried out using the new International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria.
Results: The rate of metabolic syndrome among diabetic in this study was (71%). Females in this study were more prone to have metabolic syndrome than males and those in age group (50-59) years had the highest frequency of metabolic syndrome.
Conclusion: This study concludes that diabetic patient is at risk for developing metabolic syndrome, gender and age are risk factors for developing such problem.
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus type 2, Metabolic syndrome.Iraqi Medical Journal Vol. 63, No. 1, January 2017; p.39-44.
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