Triple Assessment of Breast Lumps The Efficacy for the Detection of Breast Cancer Disease in Iraqi Females

  • Muraba Co.

Abstract

Background: Breast is the most site-specific cancer in women; it is the leading cause of
death from cancer in women aged 20-59 years. It account for 26% of all newly diagnosed
cancer in women and responsible for 15% of cancer related death in women.
Objective: To evaluate the efficiency of triple assessment {Clinical examination (C/E),
imaging technique and Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC)} of breast lumps for the
detection of breast cancer disease in Iraqi females presenting to the breast clinic and
apply the results obtained in the proper management of breast pathology.
Methods: A case series study carried out at Al-Yarmouk Teaching Hospital during the
period from 1st July 2011 to 31st December 2012, in which a selected sample of 156
patients was studied. The study includes female patients that attend the breast clinic in Al-
Yarmouk Teaching Hospital and were followed to have the last conclusive results of
histopathology.
Result: There were 117 (75%) benign lesions and 39 (25%) malignant lesions. The
sensitivity of C/E was 79.5% and specificity 89.7%, and that For U/S were 89.7% and
96.6%, and for Mammography were 87.2% and 95.7% respectively; while that of FNAC
were 92.3% and 98.3% respectively and the sensitivity of triple assessment was 94.9%
and specificity was 100%.
Conclusion: The triple assessment is a sensitive, specific, accurate, simple, easy, fast,
minimally invasive and a low-cost assessment system that can be applied in the initial
breast clinic visit reaching the diagnosis in comparison to the final diagnosis with the
histopathology.

Published
2017-08-03
How to Cite
CO., Muraba. Triple Assessment of Breast Lumps The Efficacy for the Detection of Breast Cancer Disease in Iraqi Females. Iraqi Medical Journal, [S.l.], p. 127-134, aug. 2017. ISSN 0304-4564. Available at: <http://imj.edu.iq/index.php/imj/article/view/3>. Date accessed: 14 aug. 2018.
Section
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