Evaluation of the Current Tracheostomy Indications in Medical City Complex

  • Muraba Co.


Background: Tracheostomy continues to be a surgical procedure for the management of
airway obstruction. It can be a life saving procedure when performed with appropriate
indications and surgical expertise.
Objectives: To evaluate the current indications for tracheostomy at a Medical City
Complex, Baghdad, Iraq.
Methods: This was a prospective study of (125) consecutive tracheostomies that were
performed during a one year period from May 2006 through May 2007 in Medical City,
Baghdad, Iraq.
Results: Ninety-three patients (74.4%) were males. Thirty-seven patients (29.6%) were in
their third decade. Tracheostomy indications were upper airway obstruction in eighty-four
patients (67.2%), assisted ventilation in twenty-two patients (17.6%) and for protection of
the tracheobronchial tree in nineteen patients (15.2%). Upper airway obstruction was due
to maxillofacial or neck injuries in forty-eight patients (57.1%), and laryngeal carcinoma in
twenty-seven patients (32.1%).
Conclusion: The upper airway obstruction was the major indication for tracheostomy in
our center with maxillofacial and neck injuries being the commonest cause.

How to Cite
CO., Muraba. Evaluation of the Current Tracheostomy Indications in Medical City Complex. Iraqi Medical Journal, [S.l.], v. 63, n. 2, p. 122-126, aug. 2017. ISSN 0304-4564. Available at: <http://imj.edu.iq/index.php/imj/article/view/2>. Date accessed: 21 mar. 2018.

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